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  • Guo L, Osthoff A, Baer M, Kirschner G, Salvi S, Hochholdinger F (2023) ENHANCED GRAVITROPISM 2 coordinates molecular adaptations to gravistimulation in the elongation zone of barley roots. New Phytol, in press, doi: 10.1111/nph.18717.

  • Yu P, Hochholdinger F (2023) Genetic and environmental regulation of root growth and development. In: Marschner´s Mineral Nutrition of Plants. 4th edition, chapter 13, pp. 523-543.

  • Hochholdinger F, Yu P, Feix G (2023) Genetic Analysis of Maize Root Development. In: Plant Roots – The Hidden Half. 5th edition, in press.


    • Baer M, Taramino G, Multani D, Sakai, H, Jiao S, Fengler K, Hochholdinger F (2022) Maize lateral rootless 1 encodes a homolog of the DCAF protein subunit of the CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase complex. New Phytol 237: 1204–1214. PubMed

    • Fusi R, Rosignoli S, Lou H, Sangiorgi G, Bovina R, Pattem JK, Borkar AN, Lombardi M, Forestan C, Milner SG, Davis JL, Lale A, Kirschner GK, Swarup R, Tassinari A, Pandey BK, York LM, Atkinson BS, Sturrock CJ, Mooney SJ, Hochholdinger F, Tucker MR, Himmelbach A, Stein N, Mascher M, Nagel K, De Gara L, Simmonds J, Uauy C, Tuberosa R, Lynch JP, Yakubov GE, Bennett M, Bhosale R, Salvi S (2022) Root angle is controlled by EGT1 in cereal crops employing a novel anti-gravitropic mechanism. Proc Nat Acad Sci 119: e2201350119. PubMed  Free PMC article

    • Baldauf JA, Liu M, Vedder L, Yu P, Piepho H-P, Schoof H, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2022) Single parent expression complementation contributes to phenotypic heterosis in maize hybrids. Plant Physiol 189: 1625-1638. PubMed  Free PMC article

    • Shellakkutti N, Thangamani PD, Suresh K, Baales J, Zeisler-Diehl VV, Osthoff A, Hochholdinger F, Schreiber L, Kreszies T (2022) Cuticular transpiration is not affected by enhanced wax and cutin amounts in response to osmotic stress in barley. Physiol Plant 174: e13735. PubMed

    • Stöcker T, Altrogge L, Marcon C, Win YN, Hochholdinger F, Schoof H (2022) MuWU: Mu-seq library analysis and annotation. Bioinformatics 38: 837-838. PubMed


    • Yu P, He X, Baer M, Beirinckx S, Tian T, Moya YAT, Zhang Y, Deichmann M, Frey FP, Bresgen V, Li C, Razavi BS, Schaaf G, von Wirén N, Su Z, Bucher M, Tsuda K, Goormachtig S, Chen X, Hochholdinger F (2021) Plant flavones enrich rhizosphere Oxalobacteraceae to improve maize performance under nitrogen deprivation. Nat Plants 7: 481–499. PubMed

    • Kirschner GK, Rosignoli S, Guo L, Vardanega I, Imani J, Altmüller J, Milner SG, Balzano R, Nagel KA, Pflugfelder D, Forestan C, Bovina R, Koller R, Stöcker TG, Mascher M, Simmonds J, Uauy C, Schoof H, Tuberosa R, Salvi S, Hochholdinger F (2021) ENHANCED GRAVITROPISM 2 encodes a STERILE ALPHA MOTIVE containing protein that controls root growth angle in barley and wheat. Proc Nat Acad Sci 31;118: e2101526118. PubMed  Free PMC Article

    • Zhou Y, Sommer ML, Hochholdinger F (2021) Cold response and tolerance in cereal roots. J Exp Bot 72: 7474-7481. PubMed

    • Bonkowski M, Tarkka MT, Razavi BS, Schmidt H, Blagodatskaya E, Koller R, Yu P, Knief C, Hochholdinger F, Vetterlein D (2021) Spatiotemporal dynamics of maize (Zea mays L.) root growth and its potential consequences for the assembly of the rhizosphere microbiota. Front Microbiol 17: 619499. PubMed  Free PMC Article

    • Rüger L, Feng K, Dumack K, Chen Y, Sun R, Wilson M, Yu P, Sun B, Deng Y, Hochholdinger F, Vetterlein D, Bonkowski M (2021) Assembly patterns of the rhizosphere microbiome along the longitudinal root axis of maize (Zea mays L.). Front Microbiol 12: 614501. PubMed  Free Article


    • Marcon C, Altrogge L, Win Y, Stöcker T, Gardiner J, Portwood J, Opitz N, Kortz A, Baldauf J, Hunter C, McCarty D, Koch K, Schoof H, Hochholdinger F (2020) BonnMu: a sequence-indexed resource of transposon induced maize mutations for functional genomics studies. Plant Physiol 184: 620-631. PubMed  Free Article

    • Haberer G, Kamal N, Bauer E, Gundlach H, Fischer I, Seidel MA, Spannagl M, Marcon C, Ruban A, Urbany C, Nemri A, Hochholdinger, F, Ouzunova, M, Houben A, Schön C-C, Mayer KFX (2020) European maize genomes highlight intra-species variation in repeat and gene content. Nature Genet 52: 950–957. PubMed  Free PMC Article

    • Vetterlein D, Lippold E, Schreiter S, Phalempin M, Fahrenkampf T, Hochholdinger F, Marcon C, Tarkka M, Oburger E, Ahmed M, Javaux M, Schlüter S (2020) Experimental platforms for the investigation of spatiotemporal patterns in the rhizosphere - laboratory and field scale. J Plant Nutr Soil Sc 184: 35-50. Free Article

    • Frey FP, Pitz M, Schön CC, Hochholdinger F (2020) Transcriptomic diversity in seedling roots of European flint maize in response to cold. BMC Genomics 21: 300. PubMed  Free Article

    • Kreszies T, Eggels S, Kreszies V, Osthoff A, Shellakkutti N, Baldauf JA, Zeisler-Diehl VV, Hochholdinger F, Ranathunge K, Schreiber L (2020) Seminal roots of wild and cultivated barley differentially respond to osmotic stress in gene expression, suberization and hydraulic conductivity. Plant Cell Environ 43: 344-357. PubMed  Free Article

    • Zheng Z, Hey S, Jubery T, Liu H, Yang Y,  Coffey L, Miao C, Sigmon B, Schnable J, Hochholdinger F, Ganapathysubramanian P, Schnable PS (2020) Shared genetic control of root system architecture between Zea mays and Sorghum bicolor. Plant Physiol 182: 977-991. PubMed  Free Article

    • Baldauf JA, Vedder L, Schoof H, Hochholdinger F (2020) Robust non-syntenic gene expression patterns in diverse maize hybrids during root development. J Exp Bot 71: 865–876. PubMed


  • Kreszies T, Shellakkutti N, Osthoff A, Yu P, Baldauf J, Zeisler-Diehl V, Ranathunge K, Hochholdinger F, Schreiber L (2019) Osmotic stress enhances suberization of apoplastic barriers in barley seminal roots: analysis of chemical, transcriptomic and physiological responses. New Phytol 221: 180-194. PubMed Free PMC Article

  • Osthoff A, Donà dalle Rose P, Baldauf JA, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2019) Transcriptomic reprogramming of barley seminal roots by combined water deficit and salt stress. BMC Genomics 20: 325. PubMed  Free Article

  • Kortz A, Hochholdinger F, Yu P (2019) Cell type-specific transcriptomics of lateral root formation and plasticity. Front Plant Sci 10: 21.  Free Article

  • Yu P, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2019) Plasticity of lateral root branching in maize. Front Plant Sci 10: 363. PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Klamer F, Vogel F, Li X, Bremer H, Neumann G, Neuhäuser B, Hochholdinger F, Ludewig U (2019) Estimating the importance of maize root hairs in low phosphorus conditions and under drought. Ann Bot, 124: 961-968.  PubMed  Free PMC Article


  • Baldauf J, Marcon C, Lithio A, Vedder L, Altrogge L, Piepho H-P, Schoof H, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2018) Single-parent expression is a general mechanism that drives extensive complementation of non-syntenic genes in maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Current Biol 28: 431-437. PubMed  Free Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Baldauf J (2018) Heterosis in Crop Plants. Current Biol 28: R1089-R1092.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Yu P, Marcon C (2018) Genetic control of root system development in maize. Trends in Plant Sci 23: 79-88.  PubMed

  • Yu P, Wang C, Baldauf J, Tai H, Gutjahr C, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2018) Root type and soil phosphate determine the taxonomic landscape of colonizing fungi and the transcriptome of field-grown maize roots. New Phytol 217: 1240-1253.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Ashrafuzzaman M, Haque Z, Ali B, Mathew B, Yu P, Hochholdinger F, de Abreu Neto JB, McGillen MR, Ensikat H-J,  Manning WJ, Frei M (2018) Ethylenediurea (EDU) mitigates the negative effects of ozone in rice: insights into its mode of action. Plant Cell Env 41: 2882-2898.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Yu P, Hochholdinger F (2018) The role of host genetic signatures on root-microbe interactions in the rhizosphere and endosphere. Front Plant Sci 9: 1896.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Marcon C, Baldauf J, Frey F, Yu P (2018) Proteomics of Maize Root Development. Front Plant Sci 9: 143.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Yu P, Marcon C, Baldauf JA, Frey F, Baer M, Hochholdinger F (2018): Transcriptomic dissection of maize root system development. Compendium of plant genomes: The Zea mays Genome. 1st ed. (eds. J. Bennetzen, S. Flint-Garcia, C. Hirsch and R. Tuberosa) pp. 247-257. Springer Nature.  Link

  • Weber NF, Herrmann I, Hochholdinger F, Ludewig U, Neumann G (2018) PGPR-induced growth stimulation and nutrient acquisition in maize: do root hairs matter? Sci Agric Bohem 49: 164–172.  Free Article


  • Marcon C, Paschold A, Malik WA, Lithio A, Baldauf JA, Altrogge L, Opitz N, Lanz C, Schoof H, Nettleton D, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2017) Stability of single-parent gene expression complementation in maize hybrids upon water deficit stress. Plant Physiol 173: 1247-1257.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Hey S, Baldauf J, Opitz N, Lithio A, Pasha A, Provart N, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2017) Complexity and specificity of the maize (Zea mays L.) root hair transcriptome. J Exp Bot 68: 2175-2185.  PubMed  Free PMC Article 

  • Tai H, Opitz N, Litho A, Lu X, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2017) Non-syntenic genes drive RTCS-dependent regulation of the embryo transcriptome during formation of seminal root primordia in maize (Zea mays L.) J Exp Bot 68: 403-414.  PubMed  Free PMC Article


    • Sebastian J, Yee MC, Viana WG, Rellán-Álvarez R, Feldman M, Priest H, Trontin C, Lee T, Jiang H, Baxter I, Mockler TC, Hochholdinger F, Brutnell TP, Dinneny JR (2016) Grasses suppress shoot-borne roots to conserve water during drought. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 113: 8861-8866. PubMed  Free PMC Article

    • Yu P, Gutjahr C, Li C, Hochholdinger F (2016) Genetic control of lateral root formation in cereals. Trends Plant Sci 21: 951-961.  PubMed

    • Xu C, Luo F, Hochholdinger F (2016) LOB domain proteins: beyond lateral organ boundaries. Trends Plant Sci 21: 159-167.  PubMed

    • Baldauf JA, Marcon C, Paschold A, Hochholdinger F (2016) Nonsyntenic genes drive tissue-specific dynamics of differential, nonadditive and allelic expression patterns in maize hybrids. Plant Physiol 171: 1144-1155.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Yu P, Baldauf JA, Lithio A, Marcon C, Nettleton D, Li C, Hochholdinger F (2016) Root type specific reprogramming of maize pericycle transcriptomes by local high nitrate results in disparate lateral root branching patterns. Plant Physiol 170: 1783-1798.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Tai H, Lu X, Opitz N, Marcon C, Paschold A, Lithio A, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2016) Transcriptomic and anatomic complexity of primary, seminal and crown roots highlight root type-specific functional diversity in maize (Zea mays L.). J Exp Bot 67: 1123-1135.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F (2016) Untapping root system architecture for crop improvement. J Exp Bot 67: 4431-4433.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Opitz N, Marcon C, Paschold A, Malik WA, Lithio A, Brandt R, Piepho H-P, Nettleton D, Hochholdinger F (2016) Extensive tissue-specific transcriptomic plasticity in maize primary roots upon water deficit. J Exp Bot 67: 1095-1107.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Zhang Y, Marcon C, Tai H, von Behrens I, Ludwig Y, Hey S, Berendzen KW, Hochholdinger F (2016) Conserved and unique features of the homeologous maize Aux/IAA proteins ROOTLESS WITH UNDETECTABLE MERISTEM 1 and RUM1-like 1. J Exp Bot 67: 1137-1147.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Li L, Hey S, Liu S, Liu Q, McNinch C, Hu HC, Wen TJ, Marcon C, Paschold A, Bruce W, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2016) Characterization of maize roothairless6 which encodes a D-type cellulose synthase and controls the switch from bulge formation to tip growth. Sci Rep 6: 34395.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Anjam MS, Ludwig Y,  Hochholdinger F,  Miyaura C, Inada M, Siddique S, Grundler FMW (2016) An improved procedure for isolation of high-quality RNA from nematode-infected Arabidopsis roots through laser capture microdissection. Plant Meth 12: 25.  PubMed  Free PMC Article


  • Xu C, Tai H, Saleem M, Ludwig Y, Majer C, Berendzen K, Nagel K, Wojciechowski T, Meeley R, Taramino G, Hochholdinger F (2015) Cooperative action of the paralogous maize LOB domain proteins RTCS and RTCL in shoot-borne root formation. New Phytol 207: 1123-1133.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Yu P, Eggert K, von Wirén N, Li C, Hochholdinger F (2015) Cell-type specific gene expression analyses by RNA-Seq reveal local high nitrate triggered lateral root initiation in shoot-borne roots of maize by modulating auxin-related cell cycle-regulation. Plant Physiol 169: 690-704.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Marcon C, Malik WA, Walley JW, Shen Z, Paschold A, Smith LG, Piepho H-P, Briggs SP, Hochholdinger F (2015) A high resolution tissue-specific proteome and phosphoproteome atlas of maize primary roots reveals functional gradients along the root axis. Plant Physiol 168: 233-246.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Zhang Y, von Behrens I, Zimmermann R, Ludwig Y, Hey S, Hochholdinger F (2015) LATERAL ROOT PRIMORDIA 1 of maize acts as a transcriptional activator in auxin signaling downstream of the Aux/IAA gene rootless with undetectable meristem1. J Exp Bot 66: 3855-3863.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Yu P, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2015) Root-type-specific plasticity in response to localized high nitrate supply in maize (Zea mays). Ann Bot 116: 751-762.  PubMed  Free PMC Article


  • Paschold A, Larson NB, Marcon C, Schnable JC, Yeh CT, Lanz C, Nettleton D, Piepho HP, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2014) Non-syntenic genes drive highly dynamic complementation of gene expression in maize hybrids. Plant Cell 26: 3939-3948.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Nestler J, Liu S, Wen T-J, Paschold A, Marcon C, Tang HM, Li D, Li L, Meeley R, Sakai H, Bruce W, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2014) Roothairless5, which functions in maize (Zea mays L.) root hair initiation and elongation encodes a monocot-specific NADPH oxidase. Plant J 79: 729-740. PubMed  Free Article

  • Zhang Y, Paschold A, Marcon C, Liu S, Tai H, Nestler J, Yeh CT, Opitz N, Lanz C, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2014) The Aux/IAA gene rum1 involved in seminal and lateral root formation controls vascular patterning in maize (Zea mays L.)  primary roots. J Exp Bot 65: 4919-4930. PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Opitz N, Paschold A, Marcon C, Malik WA, Lanz C, Piepho HP, Hochholdinger F (2014) Transcriptomic complexity in young maize primary roots in response to low water potentials. BMC Genomics 15: 741.  PubMed Free Article

  • Ludwig Y, Berendzen KW, Xu C, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2014) Diversity of Stability, Localization, Interaction and Control of Downstream Gene Activity in the Maize Aux/IAA Protein Family. PLoS ONE 9: e107346.  PubMed Free Article

  • Yu P, White PJ, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2014) Phenotypic plasticity of the maize root system in response to heterogeneous nitrogen availability. Planta 240: 667-678.  PubMed

  • Kumar B, Abdel-Ghani AH, Pace J, Reyes-Matamoros J, Hochholdinger F, Lübberstedt T (2014) Association analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes with root traits in maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Plant Sci 224: 9-19.  PubMed

  • Ludwig Y, Hochholdinger F (2014) Laser microdissection of plant cells. Meth Mol Biol 1080: 249-258.  PubMed


  • Muthreich N, Majer C, Beatty M, Paschold A, Schützenmeister A, FuY, Malik WA, Schnable PS, Piepho H-P, Sakai H, Hochholdinger F (2013) Comparative transcriptome profiling of maize (Zea mays L.) coleoptilar nodes during shoot-borne root initiation. Plant Physiol 163: 419-430.  PubMed  Free article

  • Ludwig Y, Zhang Y, Hochholdinger F (2013) The maize (Zea mays L.) AUXIN/INDOLE-3-ACETIC ACID gene family: phylogeny, synteny, and unique root-type and tissue-specific expression patterns during development. PLoS ONE 8: e78859.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Marcon C, Lamkemeyer T, Malik WA, Ungrue D, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2013) Heterosis-associated proteome analyses of maize (Zea mays L.) seminal roots by quantitative label-free LC-MS. J. Proteomics 93: 295-302.  PubMed

  • Husakova E, Hochholdinger F, Soukup A (2013) Lateral root development in the maize (Zea mays) lateral rootless1 mutant. Ann Bot 112: 417-428.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Marcon C, Paschold A, Hochholdinger F (2013) Genetic control of root organogenesis in cereals. Meth Mol Biol 959: 69-81.  PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Nestler J (2013) Plant Root Development, Genetics and Genomics Of. In: Maloy S and  Hughes  K (ed.) Brenner's Encyclopedia of Genetics, vol. 5, pp. 349-352. Elsevier: New York.  Link

  • Hochholdinger F, Feix G (2013) Genetic analysis of maize root development. In Plant roots the hidden half. 4th ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, Inc, 10: 1-8.  Link


  • Paschold A, Jia Y, Marcon C, Lund S, Larson NB, Yeh CT, Ossowski S, Lanz C, Nettleton D, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2012) Complementation contributes to transcriptome complexity in maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids relative to their inbred parents. Genome Res 22: 2445-2454. PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • De Smet I, White P, Bengough AG, Dupuy L, Parizot B, Casimiro I, Heidstra R, Laskowski M, Lepetit M, Hochholdinger F, Draye X, Zhang H, Broadley MR, Péret B, Hammond JP, Fukaki H, Mooney S, Lynch JP, Malamy JE, Nacry P, Schurr U, Laplaze L, Benfey P, Beeckman T, Bennett M (2012) Analyzing lateral root development: how to move forward. Plant Cell 24: 15-20.  PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Majer C, Xu C, Berendzen KW, Hochholdinger F (2012) Molecular interactions of RTCS, a LOB domain protein regulating shoot-borne root initiation in maize (Zea mays L.).  Phil Trans R Soc B 367: 1542-1451. PubMed  Free PMC Article

  • Liao C, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2012) Comparative Analyses of three Legume Species Reveals Conserved and Unique Root Extracellular Proteins. Proteomics 12: 3219-3228.  PubMed  Link

  • Kumar B, Abdel-Ghani AH, Reyes Matamoros JM, Hochholdinger F, Lübberstedt T (2012) Genotypic variation for root architecture traits in seedlings of maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines. Plant Breeding 131: 465-478. Journal website  Link


  • von Behrens I, Komatsu M,  Zhang Y, Berendzen KW, Niu X, Sakai H, Taramino G,  Hochholdinger F (2011) Rootless with undetectable meristem1 encodes a monocot-specific AUX/IAA protein that controls embryonic seminal and postembryonic lateral root initiation in maize. Plant J 66: 341-353.   PubMed  Free Article

  • Nestler J, Schütz W, Hochholdinger F (2011) Conserved and unique features of the maize root hair proteome. J Proteome Res 10: 2525-2537. PubMed  Link

  • Majer C, Hochholdinger F (2011) Defining the boundaries: structure and function of LOB-domain proteins. Trends Plant Sci 16: 47-52.   PubMed


  • Zimmermann R, Sakai H, Hochholdinger F (2010) The gibberelic acid stimulated-like gene family in maize (Zea mays L.) and its role in lateral root development. Plant Physiol 152: 356-365.   PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Saleem M, Lamkemeyer T, Schutzenmeister A, Madlung J, Sakai H, Piepho HP, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2010) Specification of cortical parenchyma and stele of maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots by asymmetric levels of auxin, cytokinin and cytokinin-regulated proteins. Plant Physiol 152: 4-18.   PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Marcon C, Schützenmeister A, Schütz W, Madlung J, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2010) Non-additive protein accumulation patterns in maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids during embryo development. J Proteome Res 9: 6511-6522.   PubMed  Link

  • Ma W, Muthreich N, Liao C, Franz-Wachtel M, Schütz W, Zhang F, Hochholdinger F, Li C (2010) The mucilage proteome of maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots. J Proteome Res 9: 2968-2976.   PubMed  Link

  • Muthreich N, Schützenmeister A, Schütz W, Madlung J, Krug K, Nordheim A, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2010) Regulation of the maize (Zea mays L.) embryo proteome by RTCS which controls seminal root initiation. Eur J Cell Biol 89: 242-249.   PubMed

  • Liu Y, von Behrens I, Muthreich N, Schütz W, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2010) Regulation of the pericycle proteome in maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots by RUM1 which is required for lateral root initiation. Eur J Cell Biol. 89: 236-241.   PubMed

  • Paschold A, Marcon C, Hoecker N, Hochholdinger F (2010) Molecular dissection of heterosis manifestation during early maize root development. Theor Appl Genet 120: 383-388.   PubMed  Free Article


  • Saleem M, Lamkemeyer T, Schuetzenmeister A, Fladerer C, Piepho H-P, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2009) Tissue specific control of the maize (Zea mays L.) embryo, cortical parenchyma, and stele proteomes by RUM1 which regulates seminal and lateral root initiation. J Proteome Res 8: 2285-2297.   PubMed  Link

  • Hochholdinger F, Zimmermann R (2009) Molecular and genetic dissection of cereal root development. Ann Plant Rev 37: 175–191.  Link

  • Hochholdinger F (2009) The Maize Root System: Morphology, Anatomy and Genetics. In The Handbook of Maize (eds J. Bennetzen, S. Hake) pp. 145-160. Springer, New York, Inc.  Link

  • Hochholdinger F, Tuberosa R (2009) Genetic and genomic dissection of maize root development and architecture. Curr Opin Plant Biol 12: 172-177.   PubMed


  • Hála M, Cole R, Synek L, Drdova E, Pecenkova T, Nordheim A, Lamkemeyer T, Madlung J, Hochholdinger F, Fowler JE, Zarsky V (2008) An exocyst complex functions in plant cell growth. Plant Cell 20: 1330-45. PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Wen TJ, Zimmermann R, Chimot-Marolle P, da Costa e Silva O, Bruce W, Lamkey KR, Wienand U, Schnable PS (2008) The maize (Zea mays L.) roothairless3 gene encodes a putative GPI-anchored, monocot-specific, COBRA-like protein that significantly affects grain yield. Plant J 54: 888-98.  PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Zimmermann R (2008) Conserved and diverse mechanisms in root development. Curr Opin Plant Biol 11: 70-74.   PubMed

  • Hoecker N, Lamkemeyer T, Sarholz B, Paschold A, Fladerer C, Madlung J, Wurster K, Stahl M, Piepho H-P, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2008) Analysis of non-additive protein accumulation in young primary roots of a maize (Zea mays L.) F1-hybrid compared to its parental inbred lines. Proteomics 8: 3882–3894.  PubMed  Link

  • Hoecker N, Keller B, Muthreich N, Chollet D, Descombes P, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2008) Comparison of maize (Zea mays L.)  F1-hybrid and parental inbred line primary root transcriptomes suggests organ specific patterns of non-additive gene expression and conserved expression trends between different hybrids. Genetics 179: 1275-1283.  PubMed   Free PMC article


  • Taramino G, Sauer M, Stauffer J, Multani D, Niu X, Sakai H, Hochholdinger F (2007) The maize (Zea mays L.) RTCS gene encodes a LOB domain protein that is a key regulator of embryonic seminal and post-embryonic shoot-borne root initiation. Plant J 50: 649-659.   PubMed  Free Article

  • Dembinsky D, Woll K, Saleem M, Liu Y, Fu Y, Borsuk LA, Lamkemeyer T, Fladerer C, Madlung J, Barbazuk B, Nordheim N, Nettleton D, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2007) Transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of pericycle cells of the maize (Zea mays L.) primary root. Plant Physiol 145: 575-588.   PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Hoecker N (2007) Towards the molecular basis of heterosis. Trends Plant Sci 12: 427-432.   PubMed  Link


  • Liu Y, Lamkemeyer T, Jakob A, Mi G, Zhang F, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2006) Comparative proteome analyses of maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots prior to lateral root initiation reveal differential protein expression in the lateral root initiation mutant rum1. Proteomics 6: 4300-4308.  PubMed  Link

  • Woll K, Dressel A, Sakai H, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2006) The root tip specific gene ZmGrp3: A novel marker for root initiation and a model to study allelic contribution to gene expression in maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots. Theor Appl Genet 113: 1305-1315.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Sauer M, Jakob A, Nordheim A, Hochholdinger F (2006) Proteomic analysis of shoot-borne root initiation in maize (Zea mays L.). Proteomics 6: 2530-2541.  PubMed  Link

  • Hoecker N, Keller B, Piepho H-P, Hochholdinger F (2006) Manifestation of heterosis during early maize (Zea mays L.) root development. Theor Appl Genet 112: 421-429.  PubMed  Free Article

  • Piepho H-P, Keller B, Hoecker N, Hochholdinger F (2006) Combining signals from spotted maize (Zea mays L.) cDNA microarrays obtained at different scanning intensities. Bioinformatics 22: 802-807.  PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Sauer M, Dembinsky D, Hoecker N, Muthreich N, Saleem M, Liu Y (2006) Proteomic dissection of plant development. Proteomics 6: 4076-4083.  PubMed  Link

  • Schlicht M, Strnad M, Scanlon M, Mancuso S, Hochholdinger F, Palme K, Volkmann D, Menzel D, Baluska F (2006) Auxin immunolocalization implicates vesicular neurotransmitter-like mode of polar auxin transport in root apices. Plant Signal Behav 1: 122-133.  PubMed   Free PMC Article


  • Woll K, Borsuk L, Stransky H, Nettleton D, Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F (2005) Isolation, characterization and pericycle specific transcriptome analyses of the novel maize (Zea mays L.) lateral and seminal root initiation mutant rum1. Plant Physiol 139: 1255-1267.   PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Wen TJ, Hochholdinger F, Sauer M, Bruce W, Schnable PS (2005) The roothairless1 gene of maize encodes a homolog of sec3, which is involved in polar exocytosis. Plant Physiol 138: 1637-1643.  PubMed   Free PMC Article

  • Hochholdinger F, Woll K, Guo L, Schnable PS (2005) The accumulation of abundant soluble proteins changes early in the development of the primary roots of maize (Zea mays L.). Proteomics 18: 4885-4893.   PubMed

  • Keller B, Emrich K, Hoecker N, Sauer M, Hochholdinger F, Piepho H-P (2005) Designing a microarray experiment to estimate dominance in maize (Zea mays L.). Theor Appl Genet. 111: 57-64.   PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Woll K, Sauer M, Feix G (2005) Functional genomic tools in support of the genetic analysis of root development in maize (Zea mays L.). 50th anniversary edition of Maydica 50: 437-442.  Free Article

  • Jung S, Hwang I, Hochholdinger F, Oh YJ, Lee Y, Eun MY, Park WJ (2005) Progress in the genetic studies on root development in Oryza sativa. J Nano Bio Tech 2:66-70.   Link   Free article


  • Hochholdinger F, Guo L, Schnable PS (2004) Cytoplasmic regulation of the accumulation of nuclear-encoded proteins in the mitochondrial proteome of maize. Plant J 37: 199-208.   PubMed  Free article

  • Schnable PS, Hochholdinger F, Nakazono M (2004) Global Expression Profiling Applied to Plant Development. Curr Opin Plant Biol 7: 50-56.   PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Park WJ, Sauer M, Woll K (2004) From weeds to crops: genetic analysis of root development in cereals. Trends Plant Sci 9: 42-48.   PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Guo L, Schnable PS (2004) Lateral roots affect the proteome of the primary root of maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Mol Biol 56: 397-412.  PubMed

  • Hochholdinger F, Woll K, Sauer M, Dembinsky D (2004) Genetic dissection of root formation in maize (Zea mays) reveals root-type specific developmental programs. Annals Bot 93: 359-368.  PubMed  Free PMC article

  • Park WJ, Hochholdinger F, Gierl A (2004) Release of defense molecules the benzoxazinoids during lateral- and crown root emergence in Zea mays. J Plant Physiol 161: 981-985.  PubMed


  • Feix G, Hochholdinger F, Park WJ (2002) Maize root system and Genetic Analysis of ist formation. In Plant roots the hidden half. 3rd ed. (eds Y. Waisel, A. Eshel and U. Kafkafi) pp. 239-248. Marcel Dekker, New York, Inc  Link
  • 2001

  • Hochholdinger F, Park W-J, Feix G (2001) Cooperative action of SLR1 and SLR2 is required for lateral root specific cell-elongation in maize. Plant Physiol 125: 1529-1539.  PubMed  Free PMC article


  • Hochholdinger F, Wulff D, Reuter K, Park W-J, Feix G (2000) Tissue specific expression of AUX1 in maize roots. J Plant Physiol 157: 315-319. Link


  • Hochholdinger F, Feix G (1998) Early post-embryonic root formation is specifically affected in the maize mutant lrt1. Plant J 16: 247-255.  Link  Free article

  • Hochholdinger F, Feix G (1998) Cyclin expression is completely suppressed at the site of crown root formation in the nodal region of the maize root mutant rtcs. J Plant Physiol 153: 425-429.  Link


  • Hetz W, Hochholdinger F, Schwall M, Feix G (1996) Isolation and characterisation of rtcs, a mutant deficient in the formation of nodal roots. Plant J 10: 845-857.  Link  Free article